Thursday, December 22, 2011
Often time beginners and intermediate photographers set out to shoot really cool pictures of the moon only to discover that it is not quite as easy at it seams. Well we make the mystery go away in this two part series. Watch both parts to determine what method will work best for you.
firstname.lastname@example.org | www.goggi.net | www.pramodgoggi.blogspot.com
Thursday, November 10, 2011
Wednesday, November 09, 2011
Thanks to Rohit (my buddy and a head Chef @ J.W.Mariott) I was introduced to Spaghetti A.O.P. I love it with slice black Olives. Thanks Rohit and I would love to have it at your kitchen some day!
I am not sure where I click this, must have been Fariyaz, Lonavala, Feb 2011.
Spaghetti A.O.P or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aglio_e_Olio
spaghetti with garlic, olive oil and chili peppers
Tuesday, September 13, 2011
Check your EPF (Employee Provident) account details on EPFO website: http://www.epfindia.com/
Fill in all the details and give ur mobile number.
I received the SMS with all details. (EE Amount and ER amount) Employee contribution and Employer contribution amount respectively.
Tuesday, September 06, 2011
Rivers of Pune:
Mutha River: Rivers that flow across Pune originates from Panshet, Varasgoan --> Khadakwasla that flows through main Pune city. (Bridges: Shambhaji (Lakdi pool), Sangam, Bridge, Mhathre Bridge, etc)
Mula River: Mula river flows through Pune, Khadki and Bombay Sapper. Mulshi dam is main source and relatively smaller dam like Kusegoan dam, etc. (Bridges: Holkar, Harry's, Shivaji bridge)
Sangamwadi is the place where Mula-Mutha merge and form a union to reach Bhima river (near Bhigwan)
My house is on the left bank of Mula river at a distance of around 400 feet :)
A view of Mula river from my bedroom window
Tuesday, August 23, 2011
Thursday, July 28, 2011
Friday, July 01, 2011
Thursday, June 30, 2011
Wednesday, June 29, 2011
Monday, May 09, 2011
Thursday, April 28, 2011
Sunday, March 13, 2011
Monday, February 21, 2011
Tuesday, February 08, 2011
Monday, January 17, 2011
Thursday, January 06, 2011
Friday, December 24, 2010
Monday, December 20, 2010
Saturday, December 04, 2010
Sunday, September 19, 2010
Bayer selection link
Wednesday, August 18, 2010
Thursday, August 12, 2010
Thursday, May 27, 2010
It was then I knew it was time I need to *upgrade*.
Here beings my hunt for the ultimate PC that could give me an uninterrupted video-editability, a smooth Photoshoppable and uninterrupted online/music experience...
Monday, May 24, 2010
Nisarg Akash people please join in only for "Nisarg Akash" Apartment members:
Thursday, May 13, 2010
and it continues to keep its promise later in the day... seems I made a good decision
Wednesday, May 12, 2010
Saturday, March 20, 2010
Test 2: (This one really questioned.. why is it called BroadBand+ at the first place)
Sunday, March 14, 2010
View Pune - Kolhapur - Ganpati Pule - Pune in a larger map
Monday, February 08, 2010
Wednesday, January 27, 2010
Tuesday, January 26, 2010
Thursday, December 17, 2009
Behind the seen:
- Once you hit submit --> This data will reach my google doc's "Birthday Reminder" excel sheet.
- I will update my Gmail contacts on the bases of this sheet. I may call you for correctness of this data :)
- The gmail contacts is synced to Google Calendar that will Email and SMS me on your specific date!!!
Be in touch. Fill this form!
>>>>>>>> Form Link
Saturday, July 18, 2009
Wednesday, June 10, 2009
- Zoo-Zoo invitation card
- Design document for the wedding invite!
Saturday, May 02, 2009
Thursday, April 09, 2009
Compared with :
- Canon PowerShot SX10 IS
- Sony DSC-HX1
- Panasonic Lumix FZ28
This will be a good read if you are planning to buy a super zoom.
Things that are important:
- CMOS (new technology) vs CCD sensor (well surpisingly CCD noise is better)
- Video 1080p (HD)
- RAW vs JPEG
Tuesday, March 10, 2009
Details of the knot:
More on knots:
Sunday, February 22, 2009
Sunday, January 18, 2009
Neem ka Ped Title track
"Mu ki baat sune har koi"
Sung by Jagjit Singh
Lyrics: Nida Fazli
Music: Jagjit Singh
"It's a story of a semi-bonded labourer, Budhai Ram - played(rather, lived) by Pankaj Kapoor, under a Muslim village zamindar. This Muslim landlord is under property dispute with his minister brother-in-law. As circumstances turn out to be, Budhai Ram gets caught between this fight of pride and property. The bone of contention is also the small piece of land on which he has planted a Neem tree as a kid.... now the story starts... "
Story: Rahi Masoom Reza (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rahi_Masoom_Reza)
I am not getting the verse that went something like this... "kal meri neendon mein chip kar, jaag raha tha jaane kaun..."
Sunday, December 14, 2008
Tomshardwar website has a detail view into each item and suggestions:
Link to processor chard of Q3 2008: Link
|Processor||Intel Core 2 Quad Q6600 (2.4GHz)|
|Motherboard||ASUS P5Q PRO|
|Harddisk||120GB SATA (8200 rpm)|
|CPU Cooler||Cooler Master Hyper 212 (19dBA)|
|Graphic Card||NVIDIA Geforce 8600 GT SLI 256 MB / 512 MB|
|Cabinet Chassis||CoolerMaster Elite 331|
|SMPS (PSU)||Coolermaster Real Power 550W / 500W / 420 W ATX 12V 120MM Fan|
|Monitor||ViewSonic's 19' VX1932wm |
|Keyboard + mouse||Microsoft|
|Accessories||Memory Card reader SD/CF |
Friday, December 05, 2008
Still not sure which one to buy:
Dell / HP /AOC /Samsung / Viewsonic
LCD widescreen or normal size
And the saga continues....
Video Editing teams opinion
Tuesday, November 04, 2008
Synchronization (Mutex, Semaphore & Monitor):
Java Code tuning:
Tuning Java Code
Three stage handshaking
Tuesday, October 14, 2008
use ntpdate or ntpd -q
Monday, October 06, 2008
Link to help Samba installation
Sequence of rpm installs:
This link came handy: link
Tuesday, September 30, 2008
- Use tortoise SVN for client
- Integrate it with Eclipse with Subclipse
Basic for users:
"svn update" brings changes from the repository into your working copy. I
For each updated item a line will start with a character reporting the action taken. These characters have the following meaning:
Extracted from the SVN book:
Wednesday, July 30, 2008
ps -eLf | grep "
Remember.... tiny command tiny "eLf" as in the little angles that will help you to find Threads. Elves are tiny and have a pointed.. long L.
Sunday, June 29, 2008
Saturday, May 31, 2008
Tuesday, May 27, 2008
Mast re... Ekdam uuche prashna vicharle ahes tu....
You will have nearly all the answers here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HD_video
A few quick answers inline, in the mail below. :) After reading this you will be enlighten :) There is not of jargon in there, but the whole idea is HD will give you an awesome quality of video. Even if you just ignore all this jargon stuff, just record a small clip from an SD and an HD and see the difference, in color, contrast, and sharpness.... you will love HD.
I have spent quite some time writing this email and with your due permission, I want to put this thread into my blog, http://pramodgoggi.blogspot.com
Thanks for the info.I had a look at the models u have mentioned below, and I have some questions. Pls let me know if u have answers / pointers to the answers for these.
- Exactly what image quality diff is there between the ‘Secret desire’ video and commercial cam video? Was it in terms of fps (Frames / Sec) and/or resolution?
Both resolution and fps, SD works on 720x480, fps:i30 at max (480i30). Where HD works on 720p28 or 1080i50 or 1080p30... etc
p: progressive scanning
Please read p and i, on the website.
25p fps = 50i fps
- What’s the FPS for commercial quality video? I think it’s 25 fps for PAL and 28 FPS for NTFS, pls correct me. Where does 30 FPS video fall in this scenario?
I like this image from the same site
See this image: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a2/Common_Video_Resolutions_2.svg
- I understand that HD standard renders video in a resolution of different dimensions than standard video. What’s the screen size for each frame of HD video? What’s the frame rate? Is it again different like NTFS and PAL?
Size is given above. Frame rate can be anything above 24p... that's just fine.
I personally want to record a slow motion video at 240fps and convert it into 50fps, and majja bagachi ahe... ki how does a high-def slow motion video looks like!!! :)
- There are 2 high def video standards – HDTV and Blu-Ray. Does HD video on the camcorders mentioned below support both of these? Since Blu-Ray is Sony specific, will Sony cams support HD mode as compatible to Blu-ray only?
- The reviews for below mentioned camcorders do not mention frame rate and lines per screen (which, according to my understanding is close to 1080 lines /screen in case of commercial quality videos). Can you elaborate?
- If the HD video supported by camcorders mentioned below an ‘authentic’ HD video (in terms of lines per screen / frame rate / resolution), or a stripped down version? If it’s authentic, what does a commercial HD cam possesses in terms of video quality, which these do not have?
I understand your question... commercial HD cam's... Well its something like comparing:
1. mobile phone camera (8 Megapixel)
2. A digital SLR (8 MegaPixel)
Even though both are producing a 8 MegaPixel image... that doesn't mean they are having the same quality of image. Its just that the size of end-pixel are same, but the quality of the image will depend on many parameters... like lens, aperture size, medium storing this data.. etc..etc. So HC9 costs 50K in India is the basic HD handycam, while there are Rs.5Lack HD camera that give professional quality. On a different note....believe me HC9 is an amazing handycam.
There are no HD DVD cameras (only blu-ray disc's and other that are extremely costly). And its said that our dear old Mini-DV (tape) is the best medium to store high quality videos. Surprisingly, people buy a HDD (Hard-disk drive) or DVD handycams for nearly 50k, but people aren't aware that a HD handycam of the same price will deliver outstanding results. But, they are cosumers, not amateur short-film makers :) Anyways... HD HC9 is not available in Pune, because there are not customers for this camera :( :)
Also it will be huge pain editing these video, as you will require higher configuration PC's :)
Have a great time reading about videos and filming awesome short-films
From: Shirish [
The handycam details that I promised to send..... these are just my scratchpad details, see if you can make sense of these details. Sony HDR-HC9 or Canon Hv30, is a decent enough camera to start with a short-film
$5000 --> Sony HDV V1 --> Profession HD
=9FPAsZnPB40[ Slow motion
$4000 -->Sony HDR FX7
$900 - $1000 --> Sony HDR-HC9
/applications/searchtools/item -detailsInactive.asp?Sku=S08 -3424&SRCCODE=WEBTV&CMP=OTC -WEBTV
$1000 --> Canon HV30
$1000 --> Sony HDR-HC7 --> Pro consumer camera
$800 --> Sony HC3 --> Consumer HD camera
$1300 --> Sony Handycam HDR-SR7 (Hard-disk)
Sony HDR SR1
Wednesday, May 21, 2008
Tuesday, May 20, 2008
Did you have this problem that you want to collect data from multiple Linux box and consolidate / automate a few stuff... I sure had this issue. A few resolution are here:
Quick steps (Command to run from the box you need to write your script):
> ssh-keygen -t rsa
> scp .ssh/id_rsa.pub 'user'@'machine_address':.ssh/authorized_keys2
Linux commands: a practical Reference
I love this reference, surely helpful:
Monday, May 19, 2008
Thursday, May 15, 2008
Friday, April 25, 2008
"Ghost and the Darkness" is one movie that we really liked. This movie is based on a real story of Tsavo maneaters (South Africa), two lions who attacked the builders of the Uganda-Mombasa Railway in 1898, killing about 135 of them, and the subsequent hunt to kill them.
About the movie:
Watch this movie here:
The actual book written by Lt.Col. J. H. Patterson:
Saturday, March 15, 2008
Friday, November 16, 2007
Good to see that you are doing some nice research on Canon DSLR's :)
I will answer these questions one-by-one.
1. "So does this mean that the SLR cant click good pictures without the lens? "
Canon EOS 400D (Rebel XTi) is capable of clicking outstanding photographs with 18-50mm kit lens. I have a huge collection of fabulous photographs with that lens.
You are graduating from a consumer camera (Canon powershot's) to hobby/amateur camera. DSLR 400D with kit lens is great. Now, when you read people mentioning about18-50mm is not a good lens, they are talking in a professional photographers point of view.
I have just blown-up one of my snap that I clicked with my 18-50mm lens to 4" by 6", and that's when I noticed that the photo could and should have been more sharp, that's when I felt a need to upgrade my lens to professional range of lenses. (L-series lens) which are highly priced.
2. "The lens that you mentioned below are they a must? Is there no in built lens? what is the purpose of these lenses ? zoom ? distance photography? clarity? I am kinda confused"
Ok... now about lens in-depth. There are basically 3 range types of lens wide-angle, normal and telephoto. (I am talking about Digital camera here not the film based camera's 35mm)
Wide-angle: Ranging below 20/30mm (Clicking landscape)
Normal: Ranging between 20-80/100mm (portraits, etc)
Telephoto: 80/100m and above (wildlife, birds, etc)
Again lens are of 2 kinds: fixed (or box) lens or zoom lens. example
fixed lens: 50mm, 60mm, 400mm
zoom lens: 18-50mm, 100-300mm
Zoom lens have range. You must have always seen zoom lens. The word "zoom" is miss- understood by many. Zoom doesn't mean that you get a telephoto view but you get the range.
So the lenses that I have are:
18-50mm - normal zoom lens
75-30mm - telephoto zoom lens
50mm normal fixed lens
I took 50mm because it picture quality is superior. In general, fixed lens give better quality result to their zoom lens counterparts.
There are specialized lens too: like Macro lens, etc. Macro is for minute objects, like flowers, insects, fine marking on the leaves, etc.
Read this: http://web.canon.jp/imaging/enjoydslr/part3/3A.html
3. "WHat if i dont buy a lens immediately and buy it later.... what are the things I wont be able to do without these lenses?"
You can start-off good with 18-50mm, with standard photographs of trips, people, landscape, mountains, etc, etc, Its one of the most used range. And when you feel the need to a telephoto then buy a 75-300mm ($200) or a professional 100-400mm IS($1500). You will feel the need when u want to click flower details(macro lens), birds, wildlife, telephoto shot of a scene. I got my Canon 350D in May 2005, purchased the telephoto lens in Jan 2006.
I would also suggest you to look into Canon S5IS. When you see Canon S5IS is 12x zoom, it has a 38-450mm equivalent lens, it has a great range (zoom) and its telephoto end is awesome, fabulous Macro mood and super-macro mode, where you click great details of flower et al. But its missing the wide-angle range, it does have a wide-angle attachment. As a whole I was pretty impressed with S5IS. But its not an SLR, and you cannot achieve the SLR type quality in this camera. Also, do you really need that high quality?
The main feature of SLR is that lens can be changed. But, it also is the draw-back. You will have to change lens for different kind of shoots. For example when you are out for a trip to a scenic mountain place, you have 4 items to shoot:
1. Great mountain range landscape (20mm) or (17mm)
2. Silhouette of a lone tree in background of sunset(20mm) or (200mm) as per your framing
3. Great flowers on the ground. Nice macro shot (50mm) or (macro lens 90/100mm)
4. A bird sitting on the tree top (200/300/400/600mm)
All these photo can be achieved with 18-50mm lens, when you not too detailed about photography like correct frame etc. Forget bird shots with 18-50mm, unless the birds are in captivation.
4. "This might be a very basic question but wanted to get the funda cleared in anycase."
Phhheww, that was some details I have given you here. This thread is surely going in my blog... I ain't be typing this all over again.
Hope these detailing clears most of your question. Feel free to ask question till you get the answer that you want, coz I have gone through these question in 2004-2005, before finalizing on putting some Rs,60,000+ on Canon EOS 350D in May 2005 :)
1. Get Canon 400D, if you want great quality, and planning for inclination to photography, ready to spend of future specialized lens (macro, tele, etc). Want large prints
2. Get S5IS, if you want an all-in-one solution. Good quality is fine, I don't want great quality. Want readily macro, tele, etc. Video recording inside the camera, etc. Get a 4GB memory and u are done! :)
So does this mean that the SLR cant click good pictures without the lens? The lens that you mentioned below are they a must? Is there no in built lens? what is the purpose of these lenses ? zoom ? distance photography? clarity? I am kinda confused. WHat if i dont buy a lens immediately and buy it later.... what are the things I wont be able to do without these lenses? This might be a very basic question but wanted to get the funda cleared in anycase.AMuOn Nov 16, 2007 3:22 PM, Pramod Goggi <email@example.com> wrote:Canon EOS 400D (in US called as Canon EOS Rebel XTi) 10MP, is the successor of Canon EOD 350D (Rebel XT) 8MP, is the camera that I have with 3 lens.
I have been using Canon 400D and its an awesome camera, and no doubts that you can get any better camera at that price. Its the cheapest SLR camera for amateur and professionals.
Go with the kit lens 18-50mm, or if you are getting a good deal go with the 17-40mm L series lens, that is around $250.
So basically with SLR you will get outstanding picture quality, but you will have to get different lens for different zooms. I have a 50mm (fixed lens), 18-50mm and 75-300mm, all Canon lens. 300mm end is still less zoom for me during wildlife photography.
Note: With SLR's there is no video recording possible. On screen shooting view in not available you will have to see it through viewfinder.
I would also suggest you to see Canon powershot S5IS as it has great zoom (38mm-410mm) IS lens. For me to get a IS lens (100mm-400mm IS) is costing somewhere like $1500. But the quality of DSLR is surely superior.--On Nov 16, 2007 9:58 PM, Amruta Bhogale <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:hey I am buying a canon 400D slr . I am not sure of the 18-50 mm lens.
Over all i wanted your review on both. I have researched and found out that the above lens that comes with the camera if taken as a kit is not of very good quality. Please reply wanted to know your views also.
email@example.com | www.goggi.net
firstname.lastname@example.org | www.goggi.net
Monday, November 05, 2007
I found these dialogs really interesting:
1. "See, I'm a dangerous, criminal person. I do bad things to honest people. This, see, this smoking? Tip of the iceberg."
2. " Make a citizen's arrest, I won't struggle. It'll be like getting Al Capone on tax evasion."
3. "This, too, shall pass"
This is the sequence where Julianne (Julia Roberts) has tried her best to break Micheal's marriage (her best friend), and realizes that in this process she has got Micheal into trouble.
She nods, stumbles out of her room, closing the door behind her.
Now she's in the empty corridor, clutching her big jumbled bag,
sinking down to sit on the carpet, her back against the door.
She doesn't look elated. She seems frightened, distraught, and
most of all, confused. Because she can't understand why. She digs
absently through her bag. Cigarettes. Box of matches.
She lights up. Draws deeply. Somehow, she seems near tears, and
laughs bitterly at that. Shakes her head at how fucked-up she finds
herself. Squeaking wheels approach, but she is too lost to hear them.
Miss, are you locked out,
She looks up. A small, wiry man of nearly 60, in a slightly faded
but neatly-kept uniform. On his cart, a ton of bags.
No, I just stepped out, because...
it's a non-smoking room.
And inhales deeply. Leans back against the door, to look up at him
Well, it's non-smoking floor,
too. Maybe you could go to the...
Why don't you have me arrested?
That wasn't sarcastic. He doesn't know what to say.
I mean that. Arrested, convicted,
put in solitary.
See, I'm a dangerous, criminal
person. I do bad things to
honest people. This, see, this
smoking? Tip of the iceberg.
Waves her hand.
Make a citizen's arrest, I won't
struggle. It'll be like getting
Al Capone on tax evasion.
Now she seems angry. But not at him. Her eyes fill with tears.
Can I... Can I help you, miss?
She squints at his nameplate.
Do you smoke, Richard?
Yes, ma'am, I do, but it's...
... a non-smoking floor, yeah.
Well, you know what?
And she takes the cigarette from her lips. Turns it around, holds
it out to him. Go ahead. He doesn't move. Please! And so...
... he reaches down, takes the cigarette from her hand. Staring in
her eyes, he takes a deep drag. Savors an expert nostril-inhale of
his exhaled smoke. Hands the cigarette back to her...
My grandmother always said,
"This, too, shall pass."
She swallows. Wipes at her eyes. Finds a smile.
Thanks, Richard. If you weren't
on duty, I'd buy you a drink.
He just nods. She waves. He waves back, pushes his cart down the
Saturday, October 27, 2007
About lighting: www.webphotoschool.com
About photoflex: www.photoflex.com
Monday, October 22, 2007
With my Canon 350D + 75-300mm (non-IS lens) the bird snap that I click are ordinary, nothing too special, and are less ordinary when left uncropped. I can't afford a 500mm or 600mm f/4 lens or any teleconverter. What should I do... I am using a tripod... don't help me much with the unsharp end of the 75-300mm.
Some tips around here:
I believe this man has done some great job:
Monday, October 15, 2007
This is when you read this reviews!!!!
IS lens tips:
Parent website: http://www.poelking.com
Most interesting thing is image sharpness increase with the Mirror lock-up (mlu) feature! So basically when the mirror moves-up it create vibrations that may shake the clicked photograph... Hmmm I need to start doing this often!
More on Mirror Lock Up:
A clear eye-opener!!!
Carry a good tripod:
Do I really need an IS:
Thursday, August 23, 2007
Have you ever tried to enlarge your photos to large / huge prints and wondered why was the photo all pixel-prone. Well the link below will give the reason and the solution. Keep it a secret, its not for everyone :)
That is the 72 DPI crap that has always given you the problem, its the difference between monitor and high quality prints. Always keep your images as 300dpi.. Well, read on...
Reality of photo resizing
Sunday, June 03, 2007
Saturday, May 19, 2007
Friday, May 18, 2007
Tuesday, March 27, 2007
Saturday, February 24, 2007
Wednesday, February 21, 2007
Wednesday, January 24, 2007
Saturday, December 16, 2006
Monday, October 16, 2006
Making beautiful photographs involves nothing more than a bit of thought. While it often helps to have decent equipment, all you really need is to take a moment before each shot to think clearly about what you are attempting to capture or create.
The following guidelines are intended to help novice, non-artistic, and/or non-technical picture-takers immediately improve their photography.
If you would like to:
Bring home much more pleasing memories from your travels;
Make more artistic portraits of your family, pets, or friends;
Be satisfied and excited instead of disappointed every time you look at your photos; or
Simply enjoy the process of making pictures more;
Then read, study, and implement these simple guidelines.
Top 10 Beginning Photography Tips
1. Move in closer
2. Be quick
3. Compose with care
4. Be selective
5. Focus on your subject
6. Experiment in time
7. Look at the light
8. Watch the weather
9. Keep it simple
10. Be Bold
Beginning Photography Tip #1:
Move in Closer
Each time you spot a subject, snap a shot and then move in closer for a better shot. Having your subject almost fill the frame helps your viewer understand and appreciate your photo. Also, details are often more interesting than an overall view.
Keep moving in closer until you are sure the photo will successfully represent your subject.
Beginning Photography Tip #2:
If it is at all possible that your subject may move, bolt, fly away, stop smiling, or just get tired of waiting for you to take the picture, shoot once right away.
Practice getting quicker and quicker to the draw.
Do not worry about taking too many pictures and do not wait until you're absolutely certain all the knobs and buttons are in their correct position.
As the motto of one of BetterPhoto old t-shirts states, "Shoot First, Ask Questions Later."
Beginning Photography Tip #3:
Compose Your Picture with Care
Even if you don't plan on selling your photo to the Smithsonian, make every effort to keep it balanced and beautiful. On one level or another, everyone responds better to a picture that has all elements in balance.
Strive to lead the eye along an interesting path through the photo, with the use of strong lines or patterns.
Keep the horizon level;
Crop out extra elements that you are not interested in (more on this is the next tip);
Consciously place your subject where you think it most belongs rather than just accepting it wherever it happens to land in the photo;
Play with perspective so that all lines show a pattern or lead the eye to your main subject;
Work with the Rule of Thirds.
Beginning Photography Tip #4:
Discern what you are really interested in and center your efforts on getting the best photo of this subject, whether it a still life, your funny cat, your doggy, a friend, a family matter, a mood, a place or culture.
Then be sure to keep anything that would distract out of the picture. The easiest way to do this is to watch your borders - the edges of the view you see through the camera's viewfinder. Then recompose if anything - such as an unattractive telephone wire, an old soda can, a distracting sign, your finger, or your camera strap - hangs into your picture.
It can become more difficult if you want to, say, shoot a San Francisco cable car without a single distracting telephone line. But even in such a difficult case, you have many options.
Focus in on a close-up that tells the whole story;
Move around until you arrange the telephone lines into a neat pattern that leads to the subject; or
Take a panning shot that makes the cable car remain in focus while the background goes blurry.
Beginning Photography Tip #5:
Focus on Your Subject
Practice shooting with different apertures and monitor the results afterwards to learn how depth-of-field affects your photo.
You will find that a smaller depth-of-field (and smaller f-stop #) focuses all the attention upon your subject. This is great for taking a picture of your child, your dog, or your husband - subjects stand out against a blurry background.
Likewise, you will find that a greater depth-of-field (bigger f-stop number) will make everything from here to eternity appear in focus. This will help make those landscapes fascinating and lovely.
Beginning Photography Tip #6:
Experiment with Shutter Speed
One of the most basic, overlooked, and fun aspects of photography is that you have the power to slow time down or catch a split second.
One image happens so slowly that we could never see it and the other happens so quickly in real time that we would never notice it. Play with shutter speed!
Use a slow shutter speed and a tripod to make a pretty picture of any creek or stream. On the other hand, you can use a fast shutter speed (1/500 and up) to capture an object in motion.
Combining a fast shutter speed with a long lens, you sports buffs can get a trophy of your own when you are able to catch the expression on your favorite runningback's face as he slips past the final defense toward a winning touchdown. Remember, catching the moment in fast-paced action photography may take a little more practice so hang in there.
Beginning Photography Tip #7:
Look at the Light
By this, I don't mean look into the sun - no, that won't do at all. But it is good to see what kind of light you are working with. Which way are the shadows falling? Unless you want a silhouette effect, where your subject is black against an interesting background, it's generally best to shoot with the sun behind you.
How is the light affecting your subject? Is the subject squinting?
Is the light blazing directly and brightly upon your whole subject? This works well if you are in love with the bold colors of your subject.
Side lighting, on the other hand, can add drama but can also cause extreme, hard-to-print contrasts.
Lastly, indirect light can be used to make your subject glow soft and pretty.
Beginning Photography Tip #8:
Watch the Weather, Too
Look outside and decide whether or not you are going to want to have the sky in your picture.
If it's overcast, simply keep the sky out of your pictures as much as possible. This is usually the best way to avoid both muted tones in your subject and washed-out skies in your background. You might also find black and white pictures of an overcast day more pleasing than color.
When the day is beautiful, go ahead and make the most of it.
If your camera allows for the use of filters, purchase a polarizer. This will help you render deep blue skies against bright white clouds, richly contrasting colors, and other wonderful effects with a simple twist of the wrist.
Beginning Photography Tip #9:
Keep Your Camera Settings Simple
While you may wish to have "all the bells and whistles" available just in case, you will probably get the best results if you do not try to use them all the time and instead learn a simple set up that works best for you in most situations.
This doesn't necessarily mean keeping your camera set on "Program" - while this mode may be perfect in its simplicity, it may be frustrating in its tyrannical control.
Instead of relying on a fully automatic program, pick a simple, semi-automatic program such as aperture-priority and master shooting in that mode. Then, you'll be able to control certain basics without letting the other basics control you, and thus keep that 150 page manual where it belongs - in your camera bag.
Tip: if you want one accessory, bring a tripod. This one item can solve camera shake issues and help you get beautiful evening shots.
Beginning Photography Tip #10:
Don't allow yourself to be paralyzed by fears of using the wrong settings, or an non-politically-correct social policy.
If you are afraid of upsetting someone by taking their picture, just go up and ask if it's okay. Ask them to sign a release and offer a print in return.
With wildlife, adopt a low-impact method when you go places where few photographers have gone before. For the above photos, I put my camera and telephoto in a waterproof bag and kayaked out into Monterey Bay. (Lawyer-talk: This can be dangerous - so be careful.)
Be wise... but be bold.